that most were place or Christian names (only four had African day names); Gary names as London and York, usually reflecting a master's place of origin or. THE sirst name by which this mountain was known was that of Mons Calpe, and is declares to be the origin of the name *, this GIBRALTAR - H I S - T O R Y. The history of Gibraltar, a small peninsula on the southern Iberian coast near the entrance of . To the Ancient Romans, Gibraltar was known as Mons Calpe, a name perhaps derived from the Phoenician word kalph, "hollowed out", presumably Moorish rule (– · Castilian and Spanish · British rule (–present). British liners travelling to and from India and South Africa customarily stopped there, as did French, Italian and Greek liners travelling to and from America. The Christian Crown of Castile annexed it in , lost it again to the Moors in and finally regained it in Royal Gibraltar Police and Gibraltar Defence Police. A History of Gibraltar. New Air Terminal, tunnel under the runway and new road leading to all parts of Gibraltar north of the runway" PDF. Hispania descended into civil war in the 8th century as rival Visigothic factions fought for control of the throne. Even though they diverge on domestic affairs and strive for different kinds of links with Britain , all parties strongly reject the Spanish claim to Gibraltar. By there were 1, civilians in addition to 3, garrison soldiers and their 1, family members, bringing the total population to 6, There were more mundane reasons not to settle, as Gibraltar had many disadvantages that were to hinder later settlers. Relations with Spain during the 19th century were generally crazy factory erfahrung. The Handbook for Travellers in Spain, Part 1. Archived from the original on 3 March This gave the Moors the opportunity to invade Hispania and pursue a course of dividing-and-conquering the Christian factions. The overwhelming majority of Gibraltarians continue their studies at university level. The Gibraltar Secular Humanist Society also holds regular meetings. Most of the peninsula is occupied by the Rock of Gibraltar Lat. Archived 25 March at the Wayback Machine. John Mackintosh Hall, the local community center, is the main location for exhibitions of local drawings, paintings, and sculpture. These are the only wild apes or monkeys found in Europe. More Neanderthal remains have been found elsewhere on the Rock at Devil's Tower and in IbexVanguard and Gorham's Caves on the east side of Gibraltar. During ancient times, Gibraltar was regarded by the peoples of the Mediterranean as a place of religious and symbolic importance. First-line medical and nursing services are provided at the Primary Care Centre, which has 16 GPs, with more specialised services available at St Bernard's Hospitala bed civilian hospital opened in Politics is strongly influenced by "big men" and a client-based structure based on class but cross-cut by online casino spilen, personal loyalties, and friendships. This changed to some extent after the withdrawal of British forces in the s. The effective Spanish repudiation of the treaty prompted the British initially to propose handing back Gibraltar in exchange for a peace agreement and, when that failed, to declare war on Spain. Under its current constitution , Gibraltar has almost complete internal democratic self-government through an elected parliament ,     elected for a term of up to four years. That option was not available to Gibraltar under the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht, which required that if Britain ever relinquished control it was to be handed back to Spain. The problem arose after Spain imposed tariffs on foreign manufactured goods in a bid to protect Spain's own fledgling industrial enterprises. The Spanish committed increasing number of troops and ships to the siege, postponing the planned invasion of England by the Armada of GDP — per capita PPP ".